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Using Dublin Core - Readings & References

Eric Sharf
Date Issued:
Date Updated: 2001-03-07
Is Replaced By:
Is Part Of: http://dublincore.org/documents/2001/04/12/usageguide/
Latest Version:
Status of Document:
This is a DCMI Working Draft.
Description of Document: This document is intended as an entry point for users of Dublin Core. For non-specialists, it will assist them in creating simple descriptive records for information resources (for example, electronic documents). Specialists may find the document a useful point of reference to the documentation of Dublin Core, as it changes and grows.

8. Readings & References

All links checked on February 13, 2001.



Dublin Core Metadata Initiative. http://dublincore.org/

CIMI Dublin Core Metadata Testbed Project. Webliography. Available: http://www.cimi.org/public_docs/meta_webliography.html

Particularly good for information about projects using DC.

International Federation of Library Associations. Digital Libraries: Metadata Resources. Available: http://www.ifla.org/II/metadata.htm

Includes a section on Dublin Core, focussing on Dublin Core Workshops and related papers.

Metadata / UKOLN. Available: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/

National Library of Australia. MetaMatters. (1999-05-24). Available: http://www.nla.gov.au/meta/

Swick, Ralph, Resource Description Framework (RDF) [Online]. Available: http://www.w3.org/Metadata/RDF


Alvestrand, H. Tags for the identification of languages. RFC 1766. Available: http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc1766.txt

DCMI. Dublin Core Metadata Element Set: Reference Description Available: http://purl.org/dc/documents/rec-dces-19990702.htm

DCMI. Dublin Core Qualifiers. 2000-07-11. Available: http://purl.org/DC/documents/rec/dcmes-qualifiers-20000711.htm

English country names and code elements. [2-letter country codes]. ISO 3166-1. Available: http://www.din.de/gremien/nas/nabd/iso3166ma/codlstp1/en_listp1.html

International Standard Z39.50 Information Retrieval (Z39.50): Application Service Definition and Protocol Specification" Available: http://lcweb.loc.gov/z3950/agency

ISO 639 Language Codes. Available: http://www.w3.org/WAI/ER/IG/ert/iso639.htm

Weibel, S. et al. Dublin Core Metadata for Resource Discovery. RFC 2413. Available: http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2413.txt

World Wide Web Consortium. Date and time formats. [profile of ISO 8601]. Available: http://www.w3.org/TR/NOTE-datetime

World Wide Web Consortium. Metadata activity statement. Available: http://www.w3.org/Metadata/Activity.html

Other Guidelines and Tools

CIMI. Guide to best practice: Dublin Core. Version 1.1. August 1999.
RTF: http://www.cimi.org/public_docs/meta_bestprac_v1_1_210400.rtf
PDF: http://www.cimi.org/public_docs/meta_bestprac_v1_1_210400.pdf

Describes the use of unqualified DC in a CIMI project.

Colorado Digital Libraries. General Guidelines for descriptive metadata creation & entry. Spring 1999. Available: http://coloradodigital.coalliance.org/glines.html

Nordic Metadata Project. Dublin Core Metadata Template. (1998-03-17) Available: http://www.lub.lu.se/cgi-bin/nmdc.pl

Nordic Metadata Project. d2m: Dublin Core to MARC converter. (1998-05-18) Available: http://www.bibsys.no/meta/d2m/

UKOLN. DC-assist: Dublin Core assistant. Available: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/dcassist/

UKOLN. DC-dot: Dublin Core metadata editor. Available: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/dcdot/

Background Reading


Lagoze, Carl. "Keeping Dublin Core simple: cross-domain discovery or resource description?" D-Lib Magazine. No. 6 (January 2001). Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january01/lagoze/01lagoze.html


Baker, Thomas. "A grammar of Dublin Core." D-Lib Magazine. No. 6. Issue 11. (October, 2000). Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/october00/baker/10baker.html

Day, Michael. Metadata: mapping between formats. (Last updated: 10-Aug-2000). Available: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/interoperability/

Dublin Core Metadata Initiative. Presentations from DC-8 Workshops. Available: http:/dublincore.org/workshops/dc8/agenda-resources.shtml

Presentations from DC-8, the most recent Dublin Core workshop (Ottawa, October 4-6, 2000).

Links to previous conference home pages and publications can be found on the DCMI web site at: http://dublincore.org/workshops/

Heery, Rachel and Manjula Patel. "Application profiles: mixing and matching metadata schemas." Ariadne. 25. Available: http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue25/app-profiles/

Powell, Andy, Michael Heaney, and Lorcan Dempsey. "RSLP collection description." D-Lib Magazine (September 2000). Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/september00/powell/09powell.html.

Weibel, Stuart and Traugott Koch. "The Dublin Core Metadata Initiative: mission, current activities, and future directions." D-Lib Magazine (December 2000). Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/december00/weibel/12weibel.html


Burk, Alan. "Metadata and the Dublin Core." Information Technology. (1) Available: http://infoweb.magi.com/~mmelick/it991.htm

Dublin Core Reference Model 1.0 (DCMI Working Draft - 22 December 1999). Editors: Renato Iannella, Eric Miller, Paul Miller. [Online]. Available: http://www.mailbase.ac.uk/lists/dc-datamodel/files/wd-dcrm-10.htm

Hakala, Juha. Nordic metadata project. Homepage. (1999-03-05). Available: http://www.lib.helsinki.fi/meta/

Lagoze, Carl. Dublin Core views of an underlying data model. February 29, 1999. Available: http://www.oclc.org/~emiller/dc/documents/wd-dc-schema.html

Library of Congress. Network Development and MARC Standards Office. Dublin Core/MARC/GILS crosswalk. November 1999. Available: http://lcweb.loc.gov/marc/dccross.html

Library of Congress, Network Development and MARC Standards Office,1999. MARC 21 Concise Format for Bibliographic Data [Online]. Available: http://lcweb.loc.gov/marc/bibliographic/ecbdhome.html

Milstead, Jessica and Susan Feldman. Metadata: cataloging by any other name... Online (January 1999). Available: http://www.onlineinc.com/onlinemag/ol1999/milstead1.html

Ibid. Metadata projects and standards. Online (January 1999). Available: http://www.onlineinc.com/onlinemag/ol1999/milstead1.html#projects

Vellucci, Sherry L. "Metadata for music: issues and directions." Fontes: Artis musicae, v. 46, no. 3-4 (July-December 1999): 205-217.

Weibel, Stuart, 1999. "The State of the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative." D-Lib Magazine (April 1999). Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/april99/04weibel.html


Dempsey, Lorcan and Rachel Heery. "Metadata: a current view of practice and issues." Journal of Documentation, Vol. 54, no.2 (March 1998): 145-172. Available: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/publications/jdmetadata/.

IFLA. Study Group on the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. Functional requirements for bibliographic records. Munchen: K.G. Saur, 1998. Available: http://www.ifla.org/VII/s13/frbr/frbr.pdf

LeVan, Ralph, 1998. Dublin Core and Z39.50. OCLC Office of Research and Special Projects. [Online]. Available: http://www.oclc.org/oclc/research/publications/review97/levan/dublincoreandz3950-v1_1.html

Miller, Eric, et al. Using Web metadata. (04/10/1998) Available: http://www.oclc.org/~emiller/talks/www7/tutorial/

Thiele, Harold, 1998. The Dublin Core and Warwick Framework: A Review of the Literature, March 1995 - September 1997 D-Lib Magazine, January 1998. [Online]. Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january98/01thiele.html

Xu, Amanda, 1998. Metadata Conversion and the Library OPAC The Serials Librarian 33 (1-4). [Online]. Available: http://web.mit.edu/waynej/www/xu.htm [Accessed: 8 December 2000].


Caplan, Priscilla L., 1997.To Hel(sinki) and back for the Dublin Core Public-Access Computer Systems Review [Online] v. 8 no4 ('97) p. 26-30. Available: http://info.lib.uh.edu/pr/v8/n4/capl8n4.html

CIMI. CIMI Dublin Core metadata testbed project description. (1997). Available: http://www.cimi.org/public_docs/meta_final_proj_desc.html

Cromwell-Kessler, Willy, 1997. Dublin Core Metadata in the RLG Information Landscape. D-Lib Magazine, December. [Online] Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/december97/12cromwell-kessler.html

Cromwell-Kessler, Willy and Ricky Erway, 1997. Metadata Summit: Meeting Report. [Online]. Available: http://www.rlg.org/meta9707.html

Dempsey, Lorcan and Rachel Heery,1997, Part 1. Metadata: A survey of current resource description formats in Specification for resource description methods. [Online]. Available: http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/metadata/DESIRE/overview

Desai, Bipin C., 1997. Supporting discovery in virtual libraries. (two proposed index metadata structures for indexing and supporting search and discovery: the Dublin Core Elements List and the Semantic Header) Journal of the American Society for Information Science v. 48 (Mar. '97) p. 190-204

Erway, Ricky, 1997. Guidelines for extending the use of Dublin Core elements to create a generic aplication integrating all kinds of information resources. [Online]. Available: http://www.rlg.org/metawg.html

Godby, C. Jean and Eric J. Miller, 1997. A Metalanguage for Describing Internet Resources. The Annual Review of OCLC Research 1996. [Online]. Available: http://www.oclc.org/oclc/research/publications/review96/godby.htm

Hansen, Preben, 1997, User Guidelines for Dublin Core Creation, Nordic Metadata Project [Online]. Available: http://www.sics.se/~preben/DC/DC_guide.html

Lange, Holley R., B. Jean Winkler, 1997. Taming the Internet: metadata, a work in progress. Advances in librarianship, v21, p. 47-72.

Library of Congress, 1997. Metadata, Dublin Core, and USMARC: A Review of Current Efforts, MARBI Discussion Paper 99 [Online]. Available: http://lcweb.loc.gov/marc/marbi/dp/dp99.html

Miller, Paul and Danield Greenstein, eds., 1997. Discovering Online Resources Across the Humanities: A practical implementation of the Dublin Core, 95 p. [Also online] Available: http://ahds.ac.uk/public/metadata/discovery.html

Weibel, Stuart and Carl Lagoze, 1997. An element set to support resource discovery. International Journal on Digital Libraries 1: 176-186.

Weibel, Stuart L. and Eric Miller, 1997. Image Description on the Internet: A Summary of the CNI/OCLC Image Metadata Workshop. D-Lib Magazine, January. Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january97/oclc/01weibel.html

Younger, Jennifer, 1997. Resources description in the digital age. (Dublin Core: basic set of data elements) Library Trends v. 45 (Winter '97) p. 462-87.


Burnard, Lou et al. 1996, A Syntax for Dublin Core Metadata: recommendations from the Second Metadata Workshop. [Online]. Available: http://users.ox.ac.uk/~lou/wip/metadata.syntax.html

Caplan, Priscilla, and Rebecca Guenther, 1996. Metadata for Internet Resources: The Dublin Core Metadata Elements Set and Its Mapping to USMARC. Cataloging & Classification Quarterly. 22 (3/4).

Caplan, Priscilla L., 1996. You call it corn, we call it syntax-independent metadata for document-like objects (defining a standard for describing network-accessible information resources; report of the OCLC/NCSA metadata workshop, Dublin, Ohio) Public-Access Computer Systems Review [Online] v. 6 no4 ('95) p. 19-23. Available: http://info.lib.uh.edu/pr/v6/n4/capl6n4.html

Dempsey, Lorcan, 1996. Meta Detectors, Ariadne 3 [Online]. Available http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/ariadne/issue3/metadata

Dempsey, Lorcan, and Stuart L. Weibel, 1996. The Warwick Metadata Workshop: A Framework for the Deployment of Resource Description. D-Lib Magazine. [Online]. July/August 1996. Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july96/07weibel.html

Dempsey, L., 1996. ROADS to Desire: some UK and other European Metadata and Resource Discovery Projects, D-Lib Magazine, [Online].July/August, Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july96/07dempsey.html

Lagoze, Carl, Clifford A. Lynch, and Ron Daniel, Jr., 1996. The Warwick Framework: A Container Architecture for Aggregating Sets of Metadata. Cornell Computer Science Technical report TR96-1593, [Online]. Available: http://cs-tr.cs.cornell.edu/Dienst/UI/2.0/Describe/ncstrl.cornell/TR96-1593

Lagoze, Carl, 1996. The Warwick Framework: A Container Architecture for Diverse Sets of Metadata, D-Lib Magazine, July/August. [Online] Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/july96/lagoze/07lagoze.html

Miller, Paul, 1996. Metadata for the Masses. Ariadne 5 [Online]. Available: http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue5/metadata-masses/

Schwartz, M., 1996. Report of the W3C Distributed Indexing/Searching workshop [Online]. Available: http://www.w3.org/pub/WWW/Search/9605-Indexing-Workshop/

Weibel, Stuart, 1996.The changing landscape of networked resource description. (Dublin Core record for Internet resources) Library Hi Tech v. 14 no1 ('96) p. 7-10

Wiebel, S. and Eric J. Miller, 1996. Image Description on the Internet: Summary of CNI/OCLC Image Metadata Workshop. Annual Review of OCLC Research 1996. [Online]. Available: http://www.oclc.org/oclc/research/publications/review96/image.htm

Woodruff, Allison, Paul M. Aoki, Eric Brewer, Paul Gauthier, and Lawrence A. Rowe. (1996). An Investigation of Documents from the World Wide Web. In Fifth International World Wide Web Conference, May 6-10, 1996, Paris, France. [Online]. Available: http://www5conf.inria.fr/fich_html/papers/P7/Overview.html


Catledge, Lara D. and James E. Pitkow. (1995). Characterizing Browsing Strategies in the World-Wide Web. In The Third International World-Wide Web Conference: Technology, Tools and Applications. April 10-14, 1995. Darmstadt, Germany. [Online]. Available: http://www.igd.fhg.de/www/www95/proceedings/papers/80/userpatterns/UserPatterns.Paper4.formatted.html

Library of Congress, Network Development and MARC Standards Office (1995). Discussion Paper No: 88. Defining a Generic Author Field in USMARC. [Online]. Available: http://lcweb.loc.gov/marc/marbi/dp/dp88.html

Weibel, Stuart L. 1995, Metadata: the Foundations for Resource Description, D-Lib Magazine, July 1995. [Online] Available: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/July95/07weibel.html

Weibel, Stuart, Jean Godby, Eric Miller, and Ron Daniel, 1995. OCLC/NCSA Metadata Workshop Report. [Online] Available: http://dublincore.org/workshops/dc1/report.shtml

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